It was under Progressive Conservatives like Diefenbaker that we moved away from a policy of ethnic homogeneity to a “points system”, only to entrench the rights of foreigners in the adoption of the Bill of Rights; and it was under Progressive Liberals like Pierre Elliot Trudeau that we adopted radical immigration policy and signed the United Nations Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees, only to entrench the rights of foreigners in the adoption of the Charter of Rights and Freedoms. After all, it was under Pierre Elliot Trudeau that eventually, in 1976, 1978, and 1988, we adopted immigration policies that were explicitly meant to encourage multiculturalism (such as the Multicultural Act of '88), mass immigration (such as the immigration policies of '76, and '78), and ultimately, we adopted an immigration policy that explicitly went against what was required to create a society that could afford to let immigrants in to begin with.

At this point, Canada cannot even boast of having great private works let alone great public works, and perhaps our reliance on private entities over the nation state is responsible for this. The Hudson’s Bay company was sold to NRDC Equity Partners in the U.S., Tim Hortons was sold to Burger King, and Hydro One has been privatized.

The Indian Act is a controversial measure, and with the recent Keystone pipeline development in motion, this controversy has only been heightened. The Indian Act has its pros and cons for both Natives and Canadian citizens alike. On one hand, Canadian Citizens are burdened with money given to natives as reparations in addition to having to give up the territory which we were able to establish our institutions on, on the other hand, natives are limited within territory which they feel is rightfully theirs and they are subject to expanding industrial projects which encroach on what territory they have.